Corporate Governance Policies

Corporate Governance Policies

Corporate Governance Policies

Corporate Governance Code

Grupo Supervielle has adopted a Corporate Governance Code to put into effect corporate governance best practices, which are based on strict standards regarding transparency, efficiency, ethics, investor protection and equal treatment of investors.

The Corporate Governance Code follows the guidelines established by the CNV and the Central Bank.

To access the Corporate Governance Code* please Click here.

Significant Differences of Corporate Governance

Under NYSE rules, foreign private issuers are subject to more limited corporate governance requirements than U.S. domestic issuers. As a foreign private issuer, we must comply with four principal NYSE corporate governance rules: (1) we must have an audit committee meeting the independence requirements of Rule 10A-3, subject to specified exceptions; (2) our CEO must promptly notify the NYSE in writing after any executive officer becomes aware of any non-compliance with the applicable NYSE corporate governance rules; (3) we must provide the NYSE with annual and interim written affirmations as required under the NYSE corporate governance rules; and (4) we must provide a brief description of any significant differences between our corporate governance practices and those followed by U.S. companies under NYSE listing standards. The table below briefly describes the significant differences between our corporate governance practice and the NYSE corporate governance rules, applicable to U.S. domestic companies.

Significant Differences of Corporate Governance Click here.


Grupo Supervielle has an Integrity Program for the Prevention of Corruption that promotes honesty and transparency in the relationship with the Public Administration in order to prevent any act that can be understood as an act of bribery, influence peddling or any other way of corruption, establishing zero tolerance for this type of behavior.


The Integrity Program is composed of the following elements:

  • Policies that establish guidelines in this regard, such as the Code of Ethics, the Gift and Commercial Travel Policy from Clients, the Donation Policy and the Purchasing Policy.
  • Action guidelines in the Interaction with third parties / Public Sector. Specific rules and procedures to prevent wrongdoing in the area of auction processes, in the execution of administrative contracts or in any other interaction with the public sector / Due Diligence of Third Parties Intermediaries
  • Staff training.
  • Internal investigations.
  • Ethics and Values Line as a whistleblower channel.
  • Accounting Controls.
  • Manifestation of third parties intermediaries adhesion.

Code of Ethics

Grupo Supervielle has also adopted a Code of Ethics and an Internal Conduct Code, each designed to establish guidelines with respect to professional conduct, morals and employee performance.

To access the Code of Ethics please Click here.

(*) Information available in Spanish only

The Grupo Supervielle Ethics Line

The Grupo Supervielle Ethics Line is an anonymous and independent information service, to communicate any irregular fact that affects the interests of Grupo Supervielle. It seeks to channel information related to behavior inconsistent with corporate values, guaranteeing the independence, confidentiality and anonymity of the people who decide to use it.
Ph: 0800-777-7813
User: supervielle
Password: supervielle

Policy on Communication with Investors, Confidentiality and Use of Privileged Information

The Policy on Communication with Investors, Confidentiality and Use of Privileged Information is intended to help ensure that the Company and the Group Staff meet requirements by establishing procedures and guidelines.

To access the Policy on Communication with Investors, Confidentiality and Use of Privileged Information please Click here.

Policy on Related Party Transactions

The Policy on Related Party Transactions is intended to define the general guidelines applicable to related party transactions so that said transactions are carried out with transparency, equity and fairness, are duly recorded in the financial statements and are conducted according to good corporate governance practices, in line with corporate principles and values, the Corporate Governance Code and other policies issued by the Board of Directors.

To access the Policy on Related Party Transactions please Click here.

Policy on Conflicts of Interest

The Policy on Conflicts of Interest is intended to define the reference framework to prevent and manage conflicts of interest so as to avoid or limit its negative impacts on the interests of Grupo Supervielle S.A.

To access the Policy on Conflicts of Interests please Click here.

Policy on Business Gifts and Entertainment

Grupo Supervielle is committed to fostering an integrity culture that promotes strict compliance with the laws, regulations, internal codes and good practices applicable to the industry. In that sense, it is against, and has zero tolerance for, corrupt practices both in the sphere of the relations with the public administration and with private companies. The Policy on Business Gifts and Entertainment prohibits those practices that may be deemed as contrary to this integrity culture.

To access the Policy on Business Gifts and Entertainment please Click here.

Terms of Reference

To access terms of reference of the Head of Internal Audit Click here

To access terms of reference of the Compliance Officer Click here

Policies and Prevention of Money Laundering

Corporate policy to prevent money laundering and terrorist financing ( PLAFT )

The concept of money laundering is generally used to denote transactions intended to introduce criminal proceeds into the institutional system and thus to transform profits from illegal activities into assets of a seemingly legitimate origin.

On April 13, 2000, the Argentine Congress passed Law No. 25,246 (as amended, including by Laws No. 26,087; 26,119; 26,268 and 26,683 (the "Anti-Money Laundering Law")), which defines money laundering as a type of crime. In addition, the law, which supersedes several sections of the Argentine criminal code established severe penalties for anyone participating in any such criminal activity and created the UIF, establishing an administrative criminal system.

Below is a summary of certain provisions regarding the provisions of the anti-money laundering regime set forth by the Anti-Money Laundering Law, as amended and supplemented by other rules and regulations, including regulations issued by the UIF, the Central Bank, the CNV and other regulatory entities. Investors are advised to consult their own legal counsel and to read the Anti-Money Laundering Law and its statutory regulations. The UIF is the agency responsible for the analysis, treatment and transmission of information, with the aim of preventing money laundering resulting from different crimes and the financing of terrorism. The Argentine Criminal Code defines money laundering as a crime committed by any person who exchanges, transfers, manages, sells, levies, disguises or in any other way commercializes goods obtained through a crime, with the possible consequence that the original assets or the substitute thereof appear to come from a lawful source, provided that their value exceeds Ps.300,000, whether such amount results from one or more related transactions. The penalties established are the following:

  • imprisonment for three (3) to ten (10) years and fines of two (2) to ten (10) times the amount of the transaction;
  • the penalty provided in section (i) shall be increased by one third of the maximum and a half of the minimum, when (a) the person carries out the act on a regular basis or as a member of an association or gang organized with the aim of continuously committing acts of a similar nature, and (b) the person is a governmental officer who carries out the act in the course of his duties;
  • if the value of the assets does not exceed Ps.300,000, the penalty shall be imprisonment for six (6) months to three (3) years.

The Argentine Criminal Code also punishes any person who receives money or other assets from a criminal source with the purpose of applying them to a transaction, making them appear to be from a lawful source.

In line with internationally accepted practices, the Anti-Money Laundering Law does not merely assign responsibility for controlling these criminal transactions to government agencies, but also assigns certain duties to various private sector entities such as banks, stockbrokers, brokerage houses and insurance companies, which become legally bound reporting parties. These duties basically consist of information-capturing functions.

According to the Anti-Money Laundering Law, the following persons, among others, are subject to report to the UIF: (i) financial institutions and insurance companies; (ii) exchange agencies and individuals or legal entities authorized by the Argentine Central Bank to operate in the purchase and sale of foreign currency in the form of cash or checks drawn in foreign currency or by means of credit or debit cards or in the transfer of funds within Argentina or abroad; (iii) broker-dealers, companies managing investment funds, over-the-counter market agents, and intermediaries engaged in the purchase, lease, or borrowing of securities; (iv) armored transportation services companies and companies or concessionaires rendering postal services that carry out foreign currency transfers or remittance of different types of currency or notes; (v) governmental organizations, such as the Central Bank, the Argentine Tax Authority, the National Superintendency of Insurance (Superintendencia de Seguros de la Nación), the CNV and the IGJ; (vi) professionals in economics sciences and notaries public; and (vii) individuals and legal entities acting as trustees of any kind and individuals or legal entities related directly or indirectly to trust accounts, trustees and trustors under trust agreements.

Individuals and entities subject to the Anti-Money Laundering Law must comply with some duties that include: (i) obtaining documentation from their customers that irrefutably evidences their identity, legal status, domicile, and other data stipulated in each case (know your customer policy); (ii) reporting any suspicious event or transaction (which according to the customary practices of the field involved, as well as to the experience and competence of the parties who have the duty to inform, are those transactions attempted or consummated that, having been previously identified as unusual transactions by the legally bound reporting party, or have no economic or legal justification or are unusually or unjustifiably complex, whether performed on a single occasion or repeatedly (regardless its amount)); and (iii) abstaining from disclosing to customers or third parties any act performed in compliance with the Anti-Money Laundering Law. Within the framework of analysis of a suspicious transaction report, the aforementioned individuals and entities cannot refrain from disclosing to the UIF any information required from it by claiming that such information is subject to bank, stock market or professional secret, or legal or contractual confidentiality agreements. The Argentine Tax Authority (AFIP) shall only disclose to UIF the information in its possession when the suspicious transaction report has been made by such entity and refers to the individuals or entities involved directly with the reported transaction. In all other cases the UIF shall request that the federal judge holding authority in a criminal matter order the AFIP to disclose the information in its possession.

Argentine financial institutions must comply with all applicable anti-money laundering regulations as provided by the Central Bank, the UIF, and, if applicable, the CNV. In this regard, in accordance with Resolution No. 229/2014 of the UIF, both the Central Bank and the CNV are considered "Specific Control Organs". In such capacity, they must cooperate with the UIF in the evaluation of the compliance with the anti-money laundering proceedings by the legally bound reporting parties subject to their control. In that respect, they are entitled to supervise, monitor and inspect such entities, and if necessary, to implement certain corrective measures and actions. Resolution 121/2011 issued by the UIF, as amended ("Resolution 121"), is applicable to financial entities subject to the FIL, to entities subject to the Law No. 18,924, as amended, and to individuals and legal entities authorized by the Central Bank to intervene in the purchase and sale of foreign currency through cash or checks issued in foreign currency or through the use of credit or payment cards, or in the transfer of funds within or outside the national territory. Resolution No. 229/2011 of the UIF, as amended or supplemented by Resolutions No. 52/2012 and 140/2012 ("Resolution 229"), is applicable to brokers and brokerage firms, companies managing common investment funds, agents of the over-the-counter market, intermediaries in the purchase or leasing of securities affiliated with stock exchange entities with or without associated markets, and intermediary agents registered on forwards or option markets. Resolution 121 and Resolution 229 regulate, among other things, the obligation to collect documentation from clients and the terms, obligations and restrictions for compliance with the reporting duty regarding suspicious money laundering and terrorism financing transactions.

Resolution 121 and Resolution 229 set forth general guidelines in connection with the client’s identification (including the distinction between occasional and regular clients), the information to be requested, the documentation to be filed and the procedures to detect and report suspicious transactions.

The Central Bank and the CNV must also comply with anti-money laundering regulations set forth by the UIF, including reporting suspicious transactions. In particular, the Central Bank must comply with UIF Resolution No. 12/2011, as supplemented by, among other resolutions, Resolutions No. 1/2012 and No 92/2012, which, among other things, sets forth the Central Bank’s obligation to evaluate the anti-money laundering controls implemented by Argentine financial institutions (with the limitation of access to the reports and records of suspicious operations, which are, as explained above, confidential and subject only to the UIF’s supervision), and lists examples of what circumstances should be specifically considered in order to establish whether a particular transaction may be considered unusual and eventually qualified as suspicious.

Central Bank regulations require Argentine banks to take certain minimum precautions to prevent money laundering. Each institution must have an anti-money laundering committee, formed by a member of the Board of Directors, the officer responsible for anti-money laundering matters (oficial de cumplimiento) and an upper-level officer for financial intermediation and foreign exchange matters (i.e., with sufficient experience and knowledge on such matters and decision-making powers). Additionally, as mentioned, each financial institution must appoint a member of the Board of Directors as the person responsible for money laundering prevention, in charge of centralizing any information the Central Bank may require on its own initiative or at the request of any competent authority and reporting any suspicious transactions to the UIF. Notwithstanding the officer’s role as a liaison with the UIF, all board members have personal, joint, several and unlimited responsibility for the entity’s compliance with its reporting duties with the UIF. In addition, this officer will be responsible for the implementation, tracking and control of internal procedures to ensure compliance with the regulations in financial institutions and its subsidiaries.

In addition, pursuant to Communication "A" 5738 (as amended and supplemented) of the Central Bank, Argentine financial institutions must comply with certain additional "know your customer policies." In this sense, pursuant to such Communication, under no circumstance may new commercial relationships be initiated if the "know your customer policies" and the risk management legal standards have not been complied with. In addition, in respect of the existing clients: if the "know your customer policies" could not be complied with, the Argentine financial institution must discontinue operations with such client (i.e. terminate the relationship with the client in accordance with Central Bank’s regulations for each type of product) within 150 calendar days as of the notice of such circumstances. Operations do not have to be discontinued when the "know your customer" policies are complied with in such period or when simplified due diligence procedures were implemented pursuant to applicable laws. Furthermore, pursuant to this Communication, Argentine financial entities must keep the documentation related to the discontinuance for 10 years and include in their prevention manuals the detailed procedures to initiate and discontinue operations with clients in accordance with the above-mentioned additional "know your customer policies" implemented.

The CNV Rules (as amended in September 2013) include a specific chapter regarding "Prevention of Money Laundering and the Financing of Terrorism" and state that the persons set forth therein (Negotiation Agents, Clearing and Settlement Agents (which are stockbrokers), Distribution and Placement Agents, Manager and Custody Agents of Collective Investment Funds, Brokerage Agents, Collective Depositary Agents, issuers with respect to capital contributions, irrevocable capital contributions for future capital increases or significant loans that have been made in its benefit, specifically with respect to the identity of contributors and/or creditors and the origin and legality of the funds so contributed or loaned) are to be considered legally bound to report under the Anti-Money Laundering Law, and therefore must comply with all the laws and regulations in force in connection with anti-money laundering and terrorism financing, including resolutions issued by the UIF, presidential decrees referring to resolutions issued by the United Nations Security Council in connection with the fight against terrorism and the resolutions (and its annexes) issued by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. In addition, CNV Rules impose certain restrictions in connection with payment arrangements (limiting, among other things, the cash amount that the entities set forth therein could receive or pay per day and per client, to Ps.1,000) and impose certain reporting obligations.

In addition, the CNV Rules establish that the above-mentioned entities shall only be able to carry out any transactions contemplated under the public offering system, when such transactions are carried out or ordered by persons organized, domiciled or resident in dominions, jurisdictions, territories or associated States included in the cooperating countries list contained in Executive Decree No. 589/2013, section 2(b). When such persons are not included in such list and in their home jurisdiction qualify as registered intermediaries in an entity under control and supervision of a body that carries out similar functions to those carried out by the CNV, they will only be allowed to carry out such transactions if they provide evidence indicating that the relevant securities and exchange commission in their home jurisdiction has signed a memorandum of understanding for cooperation and exchange of information with the CNV.

For an extensive analysis of the money laundering regime in effect, investors should consult legal counsel and read Title XIII, Book 2 of the Argentine Criminal Code and any regulations issued by the UIF, the CNV and the Central Bank in their entirety. For such purposes, interested parties may visit the websites:



SECTION ONE: Inversiones y Participaciones S.A., a sociedad anónima governed by these bylaws and such legal rules and regulations as may be applicable, continues carrying on business under the name of “Grupo Supervielle S.A.”

SECTION TWO: The registered office of the corporation shall be located within the City of Buenos Aires.

SECTION THREE: The duration of the corporation shall be 99 (ninety-nine) years as from the date of registration thereof with the Registro Público de Comercio [Public Registry of Commerce].

SECTION FOUR: The purpose of the corporation shall be to do and perform in its own name or on behalf of, or otherwise associated with, any third party, whether within or without the country, the following acts and doings: Financial matters:
Capital contributions either in cash or in kind to any legal entity already organized or to be organized in the future, whether under its control or not (subject to the limitations set forth by Section 30 and related sections of Argentine Law 19,550) or to individuals, and to buy notes, shares of stock, debentures and any kind of securities, grant any guarantees and/or other security, organize or transfer secured loans, whether secured by any collateral or otherwise, except for any such act as is contemplated under the Argentine Law of Financial Entities and any other act which must be the subject of a public tender. The corporation may also exercise powers of attorney, representations and other agencies in relation to any kind of transactions which are contemplated in the purposes of the corporation, and manage and administer assets and businesses of corporations, individuals or other entities established within the country or abroad. The corporation will, in furtherance of the corporate purpose, have full legal capacity to enjoy rights, undertake obligations and to do and perform all and any acts other than those which are prohibited by law or by these bylaws.

SECTION FIVE: The capital stock is Pesos two hundred forty-eight million nine hundred and seventy thousand five hundred and twenty-eight ($ 248,970,528) represented by One hundred and twenty-six million seven hundred and thirty-eight thousand one hundred and eighty-eight (126,738,188) common, nominative non-endorsable Class A shares of one ($ 1) of nominal value each and entitled to five votes per share, and for One hundred twenty-two million, two hundred and thirty-two thousand, three hundred and forty (122,232,340) ordinary, nominative, non-endorsable Class B shares of a peso Nominal value each and entitled to one vote per share. The capital stock may be increased by resolution of the meeting of shareholders, up to five times the amount thereof pursuant to Section 188 of Argentine Law 19,550, provided that any such corporate action taken in order to increase the corporate capital stock shall be duly entered on notarial records as a public deed. As long as the corporation is duly authorized to publicly offer its shares, the corporate capital stock: (a) shall be in such an amount as shall result out of the subscription of the then most recently capital increase duly approved, provided that any development of the capital stock shall be reflected on the financial statements of the corporation; (b) may be increased, under Section 188 of Argentine Law 19,550, up to any amount upon resolution validly adopted by the annual meeting of the shareholders of the corporation, and no amendment shall be necessary to be made to the corporate bylaws. At the time of each capital increase, the terms of the shares to be issued in connection therewith shall be determined, provided that the power of issuance of any such shares in one single act or otherwise in a series of transactions, as well as the form and terms of payment thereof, may be delegated to the board of directors, whenever it may deem it suitable but in no case later than two years from the date of the meeting of shareholders. As long as the corporation is duly authorized to publicly offer its shares, the meeting of shareholders may approve the issuance of options in respect of any shares to be issued or convertible securities and delegate to the board of directors the determination of the terms and conditions of issuance thereof, any rights to be granted thereby, the pricing of the options and of the shares which may be purchased thereunder, and also any other matter which may be delegated to the board of directors pursuant to applicable law.

SECTION SIX: a) The shares of stock of the corporation may be common or preferred shares. Common shares may be issued in two classes: Class A and Class B. Class A shares entitle their holders to cast 5 (five) votes per share at all meetings of shareholders, unless otherwise provided for by law. Class B shares entitle their holders to cast 1 (one) vote per share at all meetings of shareholders. Preferred shares may be issued with or without voting rights and may also be divided into classes. At the time of exercising their voting rights (whether provisionally or permanently), preferred shares shall be respectively voted to such effect, as part of the class to which they belong. Preferred shares may entitle their holders to receive a preferred dividend, cumulative or noncumulative, pursuant to their terms of issuance. Further, an additional share in corporate profits may be determined. Upon any transfer of shares of the corporation or the occurrence of any event as a result of which the relevant qualification or shareholding thereof shall change, such circumstance shall be reported to the Central Bank of the Argentine Republic and to any other such agency as may be applicable. b) The board of directors shall, upon request of any holder of common Class A shares, convert the whole or a part of such holder’s common Class B shares at a ratio of one Class B share per each Class A share of the corporation, provided, however, that the board of directors shall have prior to any such conversion verified that there is no restriction or other limitation to act in such respect. c) Holders of common or preferred shares of each class shall enjoy a preemptive right in respect of shares of the same class to be issued, in proportion to their holdings. This preemptive right, and the accretion right, shall be exercised subject to the conditions and within the term set forth by applicable law a regulations, or otherwise within such term as may be established by a special meeting of shareholders in accordance with applicable law in case the corporation is subject to public offer rules and regulations. d) Class A special rights: The affirmative vote of two thirds of Class A Shares, notwithstanding any percentage of capital that such Class A shares may represent, shall be necessary for the corporation to take valid action on: (i) the consolidation of the corporation with any other entity; (ii) the voluntary dissolution of the corporation; (iii) the transfer of the registered office and/or fiscal domicile to a foreign jurisdiction; (iv) a material change of the corporate purpose. e) Duty of information: Any person who shall directly or indirectly acquire by any means or title any Class B shares or securities issued by the corporation which are convertible into Class B shares (“security” means for purposes hereof, without limitation, any debenture, corporate note and share coupon) as a result of which such person shall become entitled to control more than three per cent (3%) of Class B shares shall, no later than five (5) days as from any such purchase whereby said limit was exceeded, report such circumstance to the corporation, and otherwise comply with any other requirement as may be in effect according to capital markets applicable rules and regulations. The date of the transaction, price, number of shares so purchased and any intention of the buyer to purchase more shares or obtain the control of corporate decision rights given by Class B shares of the corporation shall also be reported. If buyer is composed of a group of individuals, the members of such group shall be identified. This information herein contemplated shall be given in connection with any purchase made after any relevant information was originally given, in case that the number of Class B shares reported on the last date on which any information was given shall again have been exceeded. (f) Amortization of Shares: the total or partial redemption of integrated shares is authorized, which must be carried out in the terms provided for in article 223 of Law 19,550 or that other legal provision that replaces or modifies it and those other terms that may determine the board of directors; (G) Public Tender Offers: In any event a public tender offer is made on any class of ordinary shares of the Company, the difference in voting rights between one class and another class of shares shall be reasonably weighted for the purpose of the determination of the price to be offered to its holders.

SECTION SEVEN: As long as the shares of the corporation are registered shares, share and interim certificates to be issued shall contain the information contemplated under Sections 211 and 212 of Argentine Law 19,550. A single share certificate may represent more than one share. The board of directors of the corporation shall decide from time to time that shares of the corporation shall be converted from registered shares to book-entry shares, in which case the register of shareholders of the corporation may be kept by the corporation or by any other entity, as the board of directors may determine.

SECTION EIGHT: In case of delay in payment of the capital stock, the board of directors is hereby empowered to proceed pursuant to the provisions of Section 193, last paragraph, of Argentine Law 19,550.

SECTION NINE: The business and affairs of the corporation shall be managed by a board of directors composed of such number of members as shall be fixed by the meeting of shareholders, provided that there will be not less than 3 (three) and not more than 9 (nine) members. The meeting of the shareholders may appoint an equal or lesser number of alternate members who shall hold office for the same term than the regular members, and shall act in case of absence of any regular director for any reason, in the order of their appointment. In the event that the shareholders' meeting decides to appoint members of less than six (6), they will have a term of office for 2 (two) years and will not proceed to the stepped renewal of the members of the board. In the event that the shareholders' meeting provides for the appointment of members in a number equal to or greater than six (6) but less than nine (9) (i) they shall have a term of office for two (2) years; and (ii) they shall be renewed annually in halves in the event of an even formation of the board, or by the immediate whole number less than half or immediately greater than half, as applicable in each year in turn, in case of an odd formation of the board. In the event that a shareholders' meeting appoints 9 (nine) members: (i) they shall have a term of office for three (3) years, and (ii) shall be renewed annually by thirds. In no case, will be renewed less than 3 (three) directors at each opportunity. The first meeting that determines the number of directors in 6 (six), 7 (seven) or 8 (eight) from the approval of the reform of this article (although the reform is not yet registered), will decide which of the new directors that elect will have a mandate for one or two years, in order to allow the renewal in halves. The shareholders’ meeting that determines the number of directors in 9 (nine) will decide which of the new directors that elect will have a mandate for one, two or three years, in order to allow the renewal by thirds. The directors in their first session after the shareholders’meeting that elected the directors shall appoint between the same the Chairman and the Vice-Chairman or if he considers it advisable, a First Vice-Chairman and another Second Vice-Chairman; all may be reelected. The Vice-Chairman, or in his case the First Vice-Chairman, replaces the Chairman and in turn the Second Vice-Chairman to the First Vice-Chairman, in cases of absences or impossibility. In the absence of these directors, the board of directors shall designate the director to act in such capacity. The Board of Directors shall take valid action with the presence of its members at the meeting or attending by any other means of communication which may allow them to hear, see and speak to each other simultaneously. In order to determine if the required quorum is present at any meeting, all members present thereat and those participating by means of remote communication shall be considered, notwithstanding they may be within the country or abroad. The minutes of any such meeting held as mentioned above shall be issued and signed not later than five days from the date of the meeting, by all directors present at the meeting the by the representative of the Statutory Auditors’ Committee. Directors who participated by means of remote communication may sign the minutes of the meeting, provided, however, that the failure to do so shall not affect the validity of the meeting and of any resolution duly adopted thereby. The minutes of the meeting shall include all statements made by the directors present and by those participating by means of remote communication, and shall also state their votes casted for or against each matter resolved thereby. The statutory auditors’ committee shall, through its representative at the meeting of the board of directors, state in the minutes of the meeting the name of the directors who may have participated by means of remote communication and the validity of all decisions taken thereat. The remuneration of the board of directors shall be fixed by the meeting of the shareholders. All directors may be reelected. A meeting of the board of directors may be called by the chairman whenever he may deem it necessary, provided that provisions of Section 267 of Argentine Law 19,550 shall in all cases be complied with. Any discussions shall be registered in a special minutes book, to be signed by the members present at the meeting. The shareholders’ meeting may assign individual functions to one or more directors individually or by forming special committees for the purposes of article 274, second paragraph, of Law 19,550.

SECTION TEN: As security for the due performance of their duties as such, each regular director shall post a bond for the benefit of the corporation, in an amount to be determined by the meeting of shareholders, not less than such sum as may be established by applicable legal rules and regulations then in effect, provided that any such guarantee shall be created subject to the conditions and in the manner set forth by applicable law and regulations. Directors appointed as alternate members shall not be required to give any guarantee until the time that they shall actually hold office in substitution for any regular member, for such remaining term as may be applicable.

SECTION ELEVEN: The board of directors shall be vested with the necessary authority to govern the corporation and dispose of its assets. To this end, the board of directors shall have the most ample powers to perform any acts or enter into any contracts in relation to the corporate purpose, including transactions with banks and any other official, private or hybrid lending entities, and any of the actions referred to in Section 1881 of the Argentine Civil Code, Section 9 of Decree Law 5965/63, and Sections 72, 73 and 75 of the Argentine Criminal Code. The board of directors may, if such action is deemed advisable and necessary and/or legally applicable, decide to create and organize an executive committee and other board committees, establish the duties and limits to the activities thereof within the authority granted thereto pursuant to the corporate bylaws and applicable law, and establish the internal rules of such bodies. The board of directors may grant powers of attorney to one or more persons, either members of the board or not, in relation to any matters specifically set forth in their respective powers of attorney.

SECTION TWELVE: The Chairman of the board is the legal representative of the company. In case of absence or impediment of this one, it will be replaced automatically by the First Vice-Chairman or the Second Vice-Chairman or to the Director designated in the terms of article 9, who will exercise all the functions that this Bylaws grants to the Chairman. In the event of a tie in the voting of the matters submitted for consideration by the board of directors, the Chairman, Vice-Chairman or the Director appointed for that purpose shall, in the cases in which is acting in such capacity, have a double vote.

SECTION THIRTEEN: The statutory auditors’ committee shall be a permanent body, responsible for the surveillance of the management actions of the corporation. It shall have three (3) regular and three (3) alternate members, who shall hold office for a term of one (1) year and may be reelected. Their respective compensation shall be established by a shareholders’ meeting. Members of the statutory auditors’ committee shall be replaced in case of disability, absence or vacancy by any of the alternate members. The statutory auditors’ committee shall have the authority and powers conferred thereto under applicable law. It shall hold meetings not less than once every three (3) months. The attendance and favorable vote of not less than two (2) members shall be required for the committee to hold meetings and adopt resolutions, notwithstanding any rights, powers and duties conferred by law to a dissenting member. Any resolutions adopted by the committee shall be recorded in a minutes book that shall be kept for such purpose. The statutory auditors’ committee may appoint one of its members as its representative, in particular in connection with the provisions of Section 294, paragraphs 3, 5 and 6, of Argentine Law No 19,550.

SECTION THIRTEEN BIS: The audit committee contemplated under Argentine Law No 26,831, as amended and supplemented, shall be composed of three regular directors and an equal or lesser number of alternate directors, who shall be appointed by the board of directors from its own number by a plurality of votes. Directors knowledgeable about financial, accounting or business matters may be members of the committee. In case of a public offering of the corporation’s shares, the audit committee must have a majority of independent members, pursuant to the criteria established in this connection by the Rules of the Argentine Securities Commission. The Company must arbitrate the means, in case of replacement of the regular directors, to guarantee the existence of independent alternate directors to be part of the audit committee. The members of the audit committee, at their first meeting after the board meeting that elected them, shall appoint a chairman among them, who, in the event of a tie in the voting of matters submitted to the committee, shall have a double vote. A quorum of not less than two members shall be required for the audit committee to hold meetings validly. In all events, resolutions shall be adopted by a majority of attending members. The committee may hold meetings validly if its members are physically present at the corporate principal place of business or at any other place where they may agree to meet, either within the country or abroad, or else, when not physically present at any such place, if they are able to speak to and hear and see each other by means of any communication equipment allowing for a simultaneous transmission of sound, images and words. In such an event and in relation to quorum and majority requirements, committee members taking part from a remote location shall be deemed to have been physically present at the meeting, and consequently the audit committee shall be able to hold meetings and conduct discussions with the presence of quorum and adopt resolutions validly by any means of remote communication. Meetings shall be held with the participation of the respective members attending either physically or remotely. In the latter case, the names of remote attendees shall be recorded in the respective minutes, and the physical presence of at least one of the corporation’s statutory auditors, together with the Chairman of the committee, shall be required to certify that the meeting was held and any resolutions were adopted in accordance with regular procedure. Within five days after a meeting is held the respective minutes shall be drawn up, transcribed in the audit committee minutes book and signed by any audit committee members physically present thereat and by the statutory auditors’ committee’s representative. Such representative shall sign the minutes in his/her own name and on behalf of any members not physically present at but attending the meeting remotely, with a specific indication in each case. In any event, when the committee holds remote meetings, it will follow, for the purpose of the implementation of said meetings, the internal proceedings of the regime established for remote meetings of the board. The committee shall establish its own internal rules, which shall be registered with the Public Registry of Commerce. The committee shall have the powers and duties contemplated in Section 110 of Argentine Law No 26,831 and the Rules (N.T. 2013) of the Argentine Securities Commission as amended and supplemented, and also any other powers and duties that may be established in the future. The meeting of the shareholders may delegate the approval of the relevant budget of the committee to the board of directors.

SECTION FOURTEEN: All meetings of shareholders shall be convened on first and second call at the same time pursuant to the procedure established for first-call meetings under Section 237 of Argentine Law No 19,550, notwithstanding any provisions contained therein in relation to unanimous meetings. A second-call meeting shall be held on the same day, one hour after the time set for the respective first-call meeting. For so long as the corporation’s shares are publicly offered, only common shareholders’ meetings may be convened on first and second call at the same time.

SECTION FIFTEEN: Each subscribed common share confers the right to cast from one (1) to five (5) votes, as determined upon the subscription of the initial capital, whenever a capital increase is considered by a shareholders’ meeting. Preferred shares may be issued with or without voting rights. For so long as the corporate shares are publicly offered, all common shares issued after the relevant public offering authorization shall be entitled to one (1) vote per share, other than in the events authorized by law. Except for the cases provided for in article 241 of Law 19,550, the Directors, managers and members of the Supervisory Committee may vote at the shareholders' meetings as shareholders when they bear such capacity.

SECTION SIXTEEN: Quorum and majority requirements shall be governed by Sections 243 and 244 of Argentine Law No 19,550, depending on the class of shareholders’ meeting, whether it is a first- or second call meeting and the matters to be transacted thereat, except for the quorum at second-call extraordinary meetings, which shall be deemed validly constituted whichever the number of voting shares present.

SECTION SEVENTEEN: The fiscal year shall end on December 31 each year. The financial statements shall be prepared as of this date in accordance with applicable regulations and accounting technical rules. The closing date of the fiscal year may be modified by a shareholders’ meeting and the relevant resolution shall be registered with the Public Registry of Commerce and informed to the enforcement authority.

SECTION EIGHTEEN: Any net and realized profits shall be allocated in the following order of priority: a) 5% (five per cent) up to 20% (twenty per cent) of the subscribed capital, to the legal reserve fund; b) to the remuneration of the board of directors and statutory auditors’ committee; c) to the payment of dividends on preferred shares, prioritizing any unpaid cumulative dividends; d) any balance, in whole or in part, to an additional profit share to be distributed on preferred shares or to dividends on common shares, or to an optional reserve or allowance fund, or to a new account or any use as determined by a shareholders’ meeting.

SECTION NINETEEN: The corporation may be liquidated by the board of directors or by one or more liquidators appointed by a shareholders’ meeting under the supervision of the statutory auditors’ committee. After liabilities have been paid and the capital reimbursed, any remaining amount shall be distributed to the shareholders subject to their respective priority rights as set forth in the preceding section.”